Life with PCOS/PCOD

Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is caused in the female by the increased level of the male hormone called androgens. In women aged 18 to 44, it is the most prevalent endocrine condition. It is one of the leading causes of decreased fertility in women because females with PCOD suffer from hormonal imbalances and metabolism disorder, affecting their overall health and appearance, as per research from the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 2016. It is affected by genetic as well as environmental factors. Observations suggest that ancestral exposure to toxicants is a risk factor that must be considered in the molecular etiology of ovarian disease, a report published in Epigenetics 2018.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a widespread and growing public health problem. Along with PCOD, it is one of the most common causes of infertility in women. Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition in which the level of female sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone is not balanced. Symptoms include irregular periods, excessive hair growth to varying degrees on the face, chest, and lower abdomen, very light or very heavy bleeding during the periods. Other symptoms are moderate abdominal discomfort during periods, acne, and excessive skin growth in the neck or armpit, referred to as skin tags, bone pain or arthralgia, alopecia or hair loss, constipation, and indigestion, and flatulence research published in Sci Juno 2017.

Causes of PCOD and PCOS

  • Higher than average androgen levels prevent ovaries from releasing the egg during each menstrual cycle and may cause excessive hair growth and acne.
  • Women with PCOD have insulin resistance, particularly those who are obese, have unhealthy eating habits, have no physical activity, and have a diabetes family history. You are more likely to experience PCOS if you have PCOS in your family or a history of diabetes.
  • Women with PCOS have a type of low-level inflammation that stimulates the production of androgens in their ovaries.
  • As per the US. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), fifty percent of women with PCOS will become diabetic or pre-diabetic before age 40. In short, PCOS is a serious disease that affects many areas of life and is seriously undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, and under-recognized by healthcare providers. Fifty percent go undiagnosed or have a misdiagnosis.

Signs and symptoms

Irregular menstrual cycle: Androgen elevated level produces less menstruation than normally called oligomenorrhea or 3-4 consecutive months of no menstruation called amenorrhea. This irregularity of periods causes difficulty in conceiving and fertility problems. It may cause hair loss from the scalp and excessive hair growth on the face and other body parts.

Obesity: Metabolic syndrome tends to be a contribution to obesity and other symptoms related to insulin resistance.

Mood swings or depression: The hormonal fluctuations experienced by women with PCOS/PCOD are also likely to cause mood swings or emotional instability, which could also be one of the symptoms of depression.

The risk factor with PCOS/POCD

PCOD that isn't under control will cause a slew of issues, including infertility and an elevated chance of type 2 diabetes at a young age. Patients with PCOS who become pregnant are more likely to experience perinatal complications, including pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. They have also raised the incidence of endometrial cancers in the longer term.

Control and management of PCOD/PCOS

A study from Best Practice & Research: Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2016 shows modern lifestyle and fast food with less physical activity add to PCOD syndrome. A healthy lifestyle reduces body weight and abdominal fat, lowers testosterone levels. It improves both hair growth and improves insulin resistance. 

  • It's important to eat a balanced, low-carbohydrate diet that will help control blood sugar levels. Exercise can also assist in the control of insulin levels and the maintaining of a healthy weight. With PCOS, losing weight can be difficult, but it is possible.
  • Yoga and meditation definitely regulate the immune and endocrine systems. Thus, they are extremely beneficial in improving mental health. They can reduce male hormones in the body, and some women start to ovulate naturally.
  • Cutting dietary (Advanced Glycation End Products) AGEs significantly causes insulin resistance in women with PCOS. Food high in AGEs includes foods derived from animals and processed foods. Applying high heat (grilling, steeping, roasting) to food also increases the AGE level.
  • However, magnesium, chromium, omega 3s supplements are useful for controlling, but there is no absolute cure for PCOD. Having more fruits, vegetables and grains are good for weight reduction and control. In allopath, the treatment normally includes birth control pills for menstruation regulation, insulin-sensitizing medications, and anti-androgens are frequently combined with birth control pills.
  • This is the problem growing up in a modern lifestyle. The number of women having this problem, especially young people, has increased alarmingly. To prevent unintended effects later in life, this must be overcome as quickly as possible.
  • A research from the Interdisciplinary Journal of Yagya Research 2019, an integrated approach, including Yagya Therapy, showed encouraging results in managing the symptoms associated with OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder), PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) simultaneously, as well as other related disorders.
  • A review published in Sci Jurno, 2017 considered Ayurveda, homeopathy, and allopathy for comparison and study to find the best curable PCOS medicinal method as allopathy is a method of treating illness with remedies/medicines. It also produces symptoms or side effects that are distinct from those caused by the disease itself. Allopathic medicines are limited, and for any PCOS/PCOD symptom, comparatively, homeopathy has different medicine choices without any side effects.

Allopathy does not cure PCOS/PCOD but helps manage and control the effects. At the same time, Ayurveda and Homeopathy can be regarded as the best cure and promising treatment without any side effects.

Life with PCOS/PCOD
    Photo by Noah Buscher on Unsplash

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